Ernest Lin Yen-Ting
Ph.D. candidate of Graduate, School of Education, Peking University, Beijing, China
Education is the fundamental of a country and it is one of the important support factors of a nation’s growth. As for the educational issues never settled, it also brought up the awareness from a different perspective as for social rank, race, gender, and the area of the students and persuading social justice. The purpose of this study would like to have better strategies of enacting correspondent Chinese future policies on equality of educational opportunity. The time frame of this study traced back pre-industrialization till modern society, it went through the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as it was the foundation of education, reviewed different acts, policies, and majorly cited the Coleman Report as the key reference for corresponding issues of Chinese version No Child Left behind Act. The Act fell into a similar result of the research done by Ivan Illich the issues are: 1) the amount was insufficient to improve the performance; 2) the money was incompetently spent; 3) educational deprived not only cured by the education. In order to have better value for equality of educational opportunity, there are three new approaches of this study are: 1) focusing on fairness and protection of accessing to school; 2) appropriating education for each student; 3) compensating education for cultural deprivation, culturally disadvantaged learners. Four specific strategies are: 1) enacting correspondent policy for inputting resources, subsidize for educational priority areas (EPA); 2) lower teaching staffs change flow; 3) offering free tutorial classes and mental counseling; 4) empower the family function. The authorities need to focus on “function” and “capability” to integrate five United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Education learning support props including “learn to know”, “learn to do”, “learn to live together”, “learn to be”, and “learn to change”. This study can be followed up with the solutions to meet the needs of rural area children and families in order to apply at a designated area as an empirical experiment as a blueprint for national wide policy-making references.